I presented a talk at the CEFPI NSW seminar that reflected on what we can learn from Scandinavia. It is an amalgam of my trips there over the last couple of years, to see what ideas, philosophies, learning spaces and systems that are in use and are successfully engaging students in their learning. (There is also a Swiss contribution, which is not Scandinavia, but worthy of comment.)
This post is based on that presentation.
- Finland and their success with the PISA results.
- Denmark has schools of outstanding school design
- Sweden’s free school approach, with its voucher system has enabled unique systems of schools to emerge
In October 2011 I visited a couple of schools in Finland, a beautifully designed K-3 school in an immigrant community and a regional comprehensive high school.
While there are several unique elements that characterise the Finnish education system:
Highly competitive entry into teacher education courses
No national formal assessment
No school inspections
School autonomy for local decision-making
I believe that many of the factors for the PISA success are less tangible, and often relate to the unique cultural factors, that includes a commitment to hard work and academic aspiration.
From the Finnish National Board of Education:
The objective of Finnish Education and cultural policy is to guarantee all people – irrespective of their ethnic origin, background or wealth – equal opportunities and rights to culture, free quality education, and prerequisites for full citizenship. All people must have access to services of consistent quality.
Interestingly the curriculum guidelines for the Finnish Education K-9, for all curriculum areas are held in one book only about 1cm thick. The Finnish system does show that elements that are prescribed - formal assessments, prescriptive outcomes and school inspections do not seem to lead to improved outcomes for students. Read more here.
‘The Third Teacher‘ as a guidebook
The Third Teacher is an education design consultancy within Cannon Design that helps learning communities better serve 21st century learners. It is based on the Reggio-Emilia idea: “The environment is the third teacher.”
They have developed 79 ideas for using design to transform teaching and learning. I have selected a handful of the ideas to illustrate the significance of some of the places we have visited.
#9 – Let the sunshine in.
Increasing daylight in classrooms has been shown to cut down absenteeism and improve test scores.
Orested Gymnasium (Senior High School) is an example of innovative design and effective use of natural light. Using clear glass and coloured panels floods the outside light inside .
Within the vast space is an impressive staircase, with a combination of defined and undefined teaching spaces.
We made our way to the Rolex Learning Centre at Lausanne University on the shores of Lake Geneva. The building was designed by Japanese architectural company, SANAA. It operates as a laboratory for learning, open to students and the public.
Spread over one single fluid space it provides a seamless network of services, library, information gathering, social spaces, spaces to study, restaurants, cafes and beautiful outdoor spaces.
#11 – Make it new.
Look at your learning space with 21stC eyes. Does it work for what we know about learning today, or just what we knew about learning in the past
In January this year it seemed that everyone was tweeting about the “school without walls” from the FastCoDesign article. We were grateful to the principal for welcoming us to the school. It is a place with fantastic furniture and a well-thought-through use of space.
Jannie, the principal is growing the school, she recruited the staff and is responsible for ensuring that the spaces are used as they were intended.
“Traditional learning extracts meaning from the context and we need to put it back again.”
From the start she asked:
“What kind of world are our pre-schoolers going to be prepared for when they finish school in 2025?
The design incorporated spatial divisions in the learning space, that can promote different ways of learning, essential to the Vittra method, where there are no set classes.
Read more about Vittra in an earlier post.
#16 Emulate Museums
An environment rich in evocative objects - whether it’s a classroom or museum – trigger active learning by letting students pick what to engage with.
An amazing learning environment has been developed that
Danfoss uses the ‘Theory of Interest Development’ to inspire the young visitors to the park to pursue their passion and follow up an area that sparks interest. Visitors to Danfoss come across unusual sites. “Why can’t a tree grow upside-down?”
Read more about Danfoss here.
Nokia, Ikea & Pickled Herrings: Learning from Scandinavia – Part 2 coming up next.
The Third Teacher:
#18 Unite disciplines
#32 Build for change
#40 Build a nest
#54 Think hands on
#72 Put theory into practice
#70 Create amovement
…and yes, you’ll find out the significance of Nokia, Ikea and Pickled Herrings.